About the Malabo Commitments
The Malabo Declaration signed by African Governments in 2014 represented a re-commitment to the CAADP principles and goals adopted earlier in 2003 with the Maputo Declaration. But Malabo went further by identifying specific goals and targets to be achieved within a period of ten years. The targets include ending hunger, tripling intra-African trade in agricultural goods and services, enhancing resilience of livelihoods and production systems, and ensuring that agriculture contributes significantly to poverty reduction.
In particular, the Declaration introduced a specific commitment on Mutual Accountability to Actions and Results which calls on AU Members State to:
(i) conduct a biennial Agricultural Review Process that involves tracking, monitoring and reporting on implementation progress;
(ii) foster alignment, harmonization and coordination among multi-sectorial efforts and multi-institutional platforms for peer review, mutual learning and mutual accountability; and
(iii) strengthen national and regional institutional capacities for knowledge and data generation, and management that support evidence-based planning, implementation, monitoring and Evaluation. Subsequently, the African Union (AU) institutions, together with the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and Member States, in collaboration with partners have carried out two Biennial Reviews. The most recent report was adopted by the AU summit in February 2020.
The findings and recommendations of the Biennial Report allow countries to review the progress made towards the targets set for 2025 in the Malabo Declaration, and then adopt appropriate collective actions to accelerate Agricultural Growth and Transformation.
CAADP was adopted by African Union (AU) member states in 2003 as a policy framework to accelerate agriculture led growth, while elevating improved food security and nutrition as well as increasing incomes in Africa’s largely agriculture-based economies. CAADP is framed by seven ambitious goals to be achieved by 2025. In 2014, all African heads of state re-committed to these targets and principles in the Malabo Declaration (see box to the right). Although CAADP is driven largely by public sector institutions within countries, non-state actors (NSAs) at national and subnational levels play an important role in helping to inform plans, generate data, drive adaptive management, and improve programs to achieve these goals at the continental level.
African Union CAADP & Biennial Review Toolkit
During the official launch of the 15th CAADP Partnership Platform meeting in Nairobi by Kenya’s Deputy President William Ruto, and H.E. Josefa Leonel Correia Sacko, the African Union’s Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture (AU DREA), AU DREA and the African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD) launched the a new communications toolkit for CAADP advocates, leaders, and focal points entitled, “Catalyzing Action & Agricultural Transformation in Africa: Understanding CAADP & the Biennial Review”. The toolkit, supported by Africa Lead, was launched alongside of the new African Union Knowledge Compendium on the Malabo Domestication, which was supported by GIZ.